呼联网 Internet of Breaths 王宇杰, 张裕翔, 朱子媛, 刘亦浚, 赵嘉曦, 阮佳楠, 王鼎禄
Yujie Wang, Yuxiang Zhang, Ziyuan Zhu, Adolphus Lau, Jiaxi Zhao, Jianan Ruan, Dinglu Wang 随着5G网络的高速发展，物联网设备在由个体行为驱动的社会环境中扮演着越来越重要的角色。正如同内燃机的发明改变了人类交通运输的方式，智能设备——包括智能手机和穿戴设备，使社会网络和信息传递方式发生了革命性的变化。诸如麻省理工媒体实验室、牛津大学信息实验室等新兴机构，正为应对信息时代下亟需的社会管理模式不断进行试验。
In the rapid rise of new generation 5G networks, IoT devices increasingly play a role in the management of societies driven by individual movements and actions. As much as engines has changed the way and the right of way humans move around places, smart devices such as smartphones and wearables fundamentally transform the mechanics of social networks and information flow. New institutes and regulatory bodies such as MIT’s Media Lab, Oxford’s Institute of Internet have since emerged around different parts of the world to experiment new governance paradigms for data-driven societies.
In the age of data-driven societies, the so-called “connected society”, when standards are considered flawed, incomplete, or unusable without an input from regional individuals. Through interactions with international societies, regional governments will enjoy improvements in administration efficiency with more accurate compliance standards, which translate to richer urban management and new policing features (social credits and rewards), organic policy evolution, faster emergency responses, and resilience to global crises. All these factors contribute to justify incorporating data collection and action prompts into everyday objects, such as a mask, where a future with a ‘god eyes view’ guarding our health can be envisioned.
The Internet of Breaths (IoB) derives from such dynamic situation. IoB is a two-fold system consisting of smart air masks and a mobile app for public users and a real-time IoT environmental sensing network for the government. It aims to create a collaborative approach with decentralized feedback mechanism, combining bottom-up data collection and top-down environmental management, to combat extreme air conditions and to foster a community that pays adequate attention to air pollution and public health. Over 95 percent of the world’s population is breathing unhealthy air. With IoB, we hope to engage the public and the government to combat air pollutions. In this case, everyday objects interacting with citizens in daily life are imbued with intelligence for the purpose of social well-being.
The IoB is a detection, protection, and communication interface for the public users to measure ambient air conditions. The real-time IoB network is formed by mask sensor nodes with air quality and GPS location information transmitting to the cloud. The air condition is then visualized on a digital map accessible to public users through the mobile app and a management interface accessible to the government to take strategic combating approaches.
Connecting to the IoB is a manifesto, one that reconfirms our sensitivity of the social and natural environment, one that shows our determination to charge against air pollution.
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