Strangers’ co-habitation: An atlas of collaborative housing typologies at the rise of sharing economy – 陌生人的共居之地：共享经济: 崛起的合作住房类型图集
Jiong Abingo Wu 吴炅 , Runze Zhang 张润泽, Ching Huen (Brittany) Leung
Airbnb, HomeAway, Flippedkey, Couchsurfing, the list continues. The rise of peer-to-peer collaborative housing consumption has reshaped contemporary living landscape. In unraveling this rising housing practice, the current literature mainly focuses on its impingements on tourist industry, rental housing market, and public revenue. Its housing design potentials are largely understudied, especially the design innovations that unleash the surplus residential resources and punctuate the single-family dominant habitation norms. To fill the gap, this research documents and analyzes creative housing typologies formulated by the home sharing hosts and their guests across the world.
Combing online architectural typology case studies and onsite ethnographic investigations, this research examines why and how people appropriate sharing platforms to transform their living spaces and accommodate the “strangers”. The investigation consists two components. The first component is an extensive online documentation, which offers diverse and creative collaborative housing cases across the world. The primary sources are collected from various sharing housing platforms, including Airbnb, HomeAway, Flippedkey, Couchsurfing, etc. The second component is an in-depth onsite ethnographic investigation on several selected cases, which offers “thick description”. The cases are analyzed under five themes, which speak to five major contemporary housing issues: housing unaffordability, residential segregation, housing surplus, rural settlement decline, and neighborhood gentrification. Complying with these themes, we discuss the implications for new housing typologies, housing policies, and living experiences.
The goal of this research is to reveal both the limits and the potentials of the rising sharing economy brought to the contemporary housing practices. Ultimately, it aims to probe a new housing paradigm – the “peer-to-peer collabrative housing”, which potentially goes beyond the existing “public”, “collective”, and “cooperative” housing models.
Jiong Abingo Wu 吴炅, Runze Zhang 张润泽, Ching Huen (Brittany) Leung. Students:
David Zhi Chen, Andrew D’Angelo, Joao Ellery Lustosa Furtado de Oliv, Andrew Turner Harper, Emily R Hu, Liu Wentao, Rachel Ly, Alaina Ann Marra, Xinran Min, Alba Ivania, Rivera, Roxanne Sarrafzadeh, Jalal Khalidy Samarali, Ashley Woo, Xiang Xi.